Lummi Nation

The Lummi Nation operates an ambulatory direct care facility under a P.L. 93-638, Title III Self-Governance Compact with the IHS. The center offers general comprehensive medical and dental, mental health and substance abuse counseling, WIC, family planning, community health outreach (CHR) and health education. The health program employs three doctors, two dentists, three public health nurses, 1.3 pharmacist, two pharmacy techs, two licensed practical nurses, three certified mental health counselors, six chemical dependency counselors, three registered nurses, a dental hygienist, a nutritionist, and an environmental health specialist. Two psychiatrists and a pediatric dentist are on contract as consultants. Primary care is provided to all direct care eligibleLummi Logo Indians. The Lummi Tribal Health Center is AAAHC accredited and bills Medicaid and other third-party payers. A 4900 square foot clinic expansion was completed in 2002. The Clinic had over 35,000 ambulatory visits in FY 2002.

The Lummi Nation is part of the Northwest Washington Service Unit Health Board (NWSUHB) that also includes Upper Skagit, Nooksack and Swinomish. The NWSUHB is a non-profit organization, established in the early 1980’s. The Health Board contracts for sanitation services and diabetic education and outreach under a P.L. 93-638, Title I consortium agreement. Three full-time positions; Sanitarian, Dietetic Dietitian, Diabetic Educator are funded. All three positions provides services two days a week at Lummi. The Sanitarian services include supervision of contaminated waste handling, food handling permits, health inspections of tribal facilities, water quality and sewage management, vector control and solid waste disposal, and other duties as assigned by the tribal health department.

The Tribe’s Contract Health Service Delivery Area (CHSDA) is Whatcom County. The enrolled tribal population is 3,519 and the Indian population living on or near the reservation is 4,800. The active health clinic user population is 4144. The leading causes of death are heart disease, malignant neoplasm, cerebrovascular disease, motor vehicle accidents and digestive diseases.

Services/Programs/Hospitals

In addition to clinic services, the Health Department operates a Wellness and Fitness Center and a Home Care Agency for the Elders. Both operate seven days per week. The Lummi Tribal Health Center Dental Clinic currently offers an array of services. The Hygienist provides dental health screenings and preventative education. The clinic offers a wide variety of dental services which includes fillings, dentures, root canals and minor oral surgeries. The tribe also operates a Safe Home for youth that includes mental health and chemical dependency counseling services.

We are the Lhaq’temish, The Lummi People. We are the original inhabitants of Washington’s northernmost coast and southern British Columbia. For thousands of years, we worked, struggled and celebrated life on the shores and waters of Puget Sound.

The Lummi people traditionally lived near the sea and in mountain areas and returned seasonally to their longhouses located at a number of sites on the present reservation and on the San Juan Islands. Smoke-dried seafood, camas bulbs, sun-dried berries and all species of shellfish, crab, salmon, trout, elk, deer, and other land and sea mammals made up the traditional Lummi diet.

The Lummi Nation signed the treaty of Point Elliot in 1855 ceding much of their aboriginal lands in western Washington. In return they received a reservation that originally covered 15,000 acres.

The Lummi, and most of the other northwest coastal tribes included in the Point Elliott Treaty of 1855, were paid a total of $150,000 for their lands and paid an additional $15,000 in relocation costs and expenses. That would equate to over $4.2 million in economic power in 2013. The reservation has a land area of 20.996 sq mi, that includes the Lummi Peninsula, and uninhabited Portage Island. The Lummi nation is the original inhabitant of the Puget Sound lowlands. In pre-colonial times, the tribe migrated seasonally between many sites including Point Roberts, Washington, Lummi Peninsula, Portage Island, as well as sites in the San Juan Islands, including Sucia Island.

Today, approximately 12,000 acres remain in Indian control. In 1948 the Lummi Nation adopted a Tribal Constitution, amended and ratified in 1970, which created the present government structure.

The reservation occupies a small peninsula between Bellingham Bay and Georgia Strait. The tribe primarily resides on and around the Lummi Indian Reservation, at 48°45′59″N 122°38′20″W to the west of Bellingham and 20 miles (32 km) south of the Canadian border, in western Whatcom County. The is seven miles northwest of Bellingham, Washington, in the western portion of Whatcom County 95 miles north of Seattle. The reservation is a five mile long peninsula which forms Lummi Bay on the west, Bellingham Bay on the east, with a smaller peninsula of Sandy Point, Portage Island and the associated tidelands.

The Lummi Nation, are a Native American tribe of the Coast Salish ethnolinguistic group in western Washington state in the United States. They continue to speak the traditional Salishan language. They expressed their language and religious traditions through elaborate carvings on totems and ceremonies.
The Lummi language (Xwlemi Chosen, IPA: [xʷləmi tʃɔsən]) is more precisely a dialect of a language called North Straits Salish.

The Lummi Indian Nation has opened its $20 million Silver Reef Casino after making every effort to ensure this second operation will be a success.
The tribe’s first casino closed in 1997 after losing $2 million. This time, the Lummi have enlisted the aid of a professional management company for the Silver Reef Casino and moved the operation closer to Interstate 5. At its peak in 1992, the tribe’s first casino had about 450 employees and was the second-largest employer in Whatcom County. It drew 80 percent of its customers from Canada, but lost much of that business when Canada liberalized its gambling laws.
The new casino is providing 281 jobs – about half of them going to Indians, most of them Lummi.
Unemployment ranges between 30 percent and 40 percent on the reservation. The tribe plans to use the casino proceeds for social, health, education and economic development projects.

The tribe owns 7,000 acres of tidal lands, a 750-acre aquaculture pond and the third-largest oyster factory on the West Coast.
Principal industries: Food processing, wood products, petroleum refining, manufacturing, and agriculture.

City: Bellingham, population 46,360. Elevation 50. Rainfall 35 inches. Average Temperatures 42-58. Also located there is the Whatcom Museum of History, Western Washington University, and Whatcom Community College. The Reservation is northwest of the city.
County: Whatcom, population 117,200. Native American 4,034, 50% of non-white and 3% of total population, 2,126 square miles along Canadian border between Cascade Mountains and Georgia Strait.
County’s assessed value averages $3,132 an acre.

It is estimated that there are 6,590 people living on the Lummi Reservation. Roughly 2,564 of these people are enrolled tribal members, 665 are either related to or live with an enrolled tribal member, and 3,361 are not tribal members nor are they affiliated with the Lummi Nation. There are approximately 1,864 homes located on the reservation. Approximately 697 of these have an enrolled Lummi living in the home; thus, roughly 1,167 homes on the reservation do not house a tribal member. The 2000 census official numbers were 4,193 persons residing on its territory, of whom 1,828 (43.6 percent) were whites, and only 2,114 (50.4 percent) were of solely Native American heritage. As of April 2010 there are 4,483 enrolled tribal members. 49.6% of the enrolled population is female; 50.4% of the population being male.

According to studies conducted by the Lummi Nation, approximately 78% of the enrolled Lummi tribal members live either on or near the reservation boundaries. Enrolled Lummi tribal members have an average household size of approximately 4.5 persons. The Lummi are a self-governing Nation within the United States, the third largest tribe in Washington State, serving over 5,000 members. They manage nearly 13,000 acres of tidelands on the Lummi Reservation.
Age distribution: the median age of tribal members is 29. 31.8% of the enrolled population is 18 or younger. 11.6% of the enrolled population is 55 or older.

The Lummi Reservation is governed by an 11 member tribal council. All tribal members are members of the General Council which meets at least once a year at which time one-third of the Tribal Council is elected. The council appoints tribal members to serve on committees that oversee tribal enterprises on behalf of the Council.

Tribal website: http://www.lummi-nsn.org/website/index2.htmlLummiFitCtr_2_small
Administration Phone: (360) 312-2000
Clinic website: http://www.lummi-nsn.org/website/dept_pages/healthclinic/administration.shtml
Clinic Phone: (360) 384-0464

Lummi Nation Tribal Health Center
2592 Kwina Rd,
Bellingham, WA 98226
Phone: 360-384-0464
Fax: 360-380-4403
Website: http://www.lummi-nsn.org/website/dept_pages/health/healthcenter.shtml
Lummi Se-Eye-Chen Youth Program – Youth Wellness
3212 Balch Road
Bellingham, WA 98228
Phone: (360) 758-2026
Fax: (360) 758-2083
Lummi Chemical Addiction Recovery and Education (CARE)
2530 Kwina Rd. CARE Picture Building
Bellingham WA, 98226
Phone: (360) 312-2420
Fax: (360) 384-2349
Youth Enrichment and Social Services – YESS
2530 Kwina Road
Bellingham, WA 98226
Phone: (360) 384-2437
Fax: (360) 384-0844

Member Tribes