Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board: Indian Leadership for Indian Health

Injury Topics

Motor Vehicle—In 2005, motor vehicle traffic crashes in Washington were the leading cause among ages 1 to 44, killing more people than killed by any other disease or injury type.
Impaired Driving (PDF)  Alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes kill someone every 31 minutes and non-fatally injure someone every two minutes. Read CDC’s fact sheet here.
Child Passenger Safety(PDF)  Motor vehicle injuries are the leading cause of death among children in the U.S. Many of these deaths can be prevented. Placing children in appropriate restraint systems reduces serious and fatal injuries by more than half
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards & Regulations.  These safety standards are regulations written in terms of minimum safety performance requirements for motor vehicles or items of motor vehicle equipment.
Motor Vehicle in the Workplace  According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), more than 2,000 deaths a year result from occupational motor vehicle incidents.
Medical Conditions and Driving  Some medicines and medical conditions make it harder for you to drive safely. Learn more here.  
Indian Injury Publications  These IHS publications are from injury projects conducted in Tribal communities around the country.

Post-traumatic Stress Reactions Following Motor Vehicle Accidents
Despite improvements in road conditions, vehicle safety and driver education, over 3 million persons are injured in motor vehicle accidents each year. Many of these persons develop post-traumatic stress symptoms that can become chronic.

Fire & Burn—The United States has the 4th highes fire death rate of all industrialized countries, most from residential fires.
Fire Facts(PDF)  Deaths from fires and burns are the fifth most common cause of unintentional injury deaths in the United States and the third leading cause of fatal home injury.
Injuries are the leading cause of death and disability for Washington citizens age 1-44, and remain a significant cause of death and disability throughout the lifespan.
Characteristics of Home Fire Victims(PDF)  National Fire Protection Agency July 2005 A collective study on the risks and cause characteristics of residential fire victims.
Indian Injury Publications  These IHS publications are from injury projects conducted in Tribal communities around the country.
Firefighters Charitable Foundation  This foundation is involved with numerous outreach programs designed to assist victims and/or prevent the devastation of fires or disasters from occurring.

Poisoning—Unintentional poisoning death rates have increased by 360%
Unintentional Poisoning  In 2004, poisoning was second only to motor-vehicle crashes as a cause of death from unintentional injury in the United States (1). Nearly all poisoning deaths in the United States are attributed to drugs, and most drug poisonings result from the abuse of prescription and illegal drugs
Prescription Drug Abuse  Prescription drugs that are abused or used for non-medical reasons can alter brain activity and lead to dependence.
Poisoning in the US  A poison is any substance that is harmful to your body when ingested (eaten), inhaled (breathed), injected, or absorbed through the skin. Any substance can be poisonous if enough is taken.
Medline Poisoning Help  A poison is any substance that is harmful to your body. You might swallow it, inhale it, inject it or absorb it through your skin. Poisons can include many substances and Medline gives a list of them.
American Association of Poison Control Centers  Provides a forum for poison centers and interested individuals to promote the reduction of morbidity and mortality from poisonings.

Trips & Falls—In 2005, falls were the leading cause of injury related hospitalizations in Washington State and the third leading cause of injury-related deaths.
The Facts (PDF) Among people 65 years and older, falls are the leading cause of injury deaths and the most common cause of nonfatal injuries and hospital admissions for trauma.
Hip Fractures  CDC More than 95% of hip fractures among adults ages 65 and older are caused by falls
Falls in Nursing Homes  How big is the problem? In 2003, 1.5 million people 65 and older lived in nursing homes.
Cost of Falls  A study of people 72 and older found that the average health care cost of a fall injury was $19,440
Older Adult Risk Factors (PDF) Improving Access to Comprehensive Injury Risk Assessment and Risk Factor Reduction in Older Adult Populations

Violence—“The number of violence deaths only tells part of the story. Many more survive violence and are left with permanent physical and emotional scars, and that is only the beginning” ~Center for Disease Control
Violence is a significant problem in the United States  From infants to the elderly, it affects people in all stages of life. In 2003, 17,732 people died as a result of homicide and 31,484 took their own life.
Victim Costs Of Violent Crime And Resulting Injuries (PDF)  This DataWatch estimates the costs and monetary value of lost quality of life due to death and nonfatal physical and psychological injury resulting from violent crime.
Indian Injury Publications  These IHS publications are from injury projects conducted in Tribal communities around the country.
Directory of Crime Victim Services Link here to the Online Directory of Crime Victim Services, a resource designed to help service providers and individuals locate nonemergency crime victim service agencies in the United States.
Suicide (PDF) Suicide took the lives of 30,622 people in 2001. The first step in preventing suicide is to identify and understand the risk factors. A risk factor is anything that increases the likelihood that persons will harm themselves.
Suicide Prevention in American Indian and Alaska Native Communities (PDF)Large File ! (pdf-2 MB) This article provides a critical review of selected preventative intervention programs that address suicide for AI/AN communities.
Blueprints for Violence Prevention A national violence prevention initiative to identify violence prevention programs that are effective.
Native American Homicide Statistics (PDF)  From 1989 to 1998, 427 American Indian and Alaska Native children and youth were homicide victims.
Homicide and Suicide among Native Americans Large File!
From 1979